Learning and implementing new strategies takes time, so patience and consistency is key. A child or young person may need considerable adult support at first, but this support can be gradually reduced as their confidence and independence increase.
- Help the child identify the steps needed to begin and accomplish the task. Ask them to repeat the instructions and if possible write them down
- Give the child a short piece of work so that they can feel instant success by completing the task. Break down task into smaller parts that are achievable within a certain timeframe
- Give one direction at a time. After one action is successfully completed, add another action
- Use visual support to help reduce the demand on the child to remember multi-step instructions
- Rehearse what the child has learned on a regular basis; repetition is useful
- Encourage problem solving: ask the child questions about what they are going to do and how they are going to do it. If unsuccessful, ask them to try again and see if they will come up with an alternative strategy
- Encourage the child to talk about what they are doing while they are carrying out the activity