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Breast milk is the perfect food for your baby for the first 6 months of their life. Following the introduction of solid food from around 6 months, breastfeeding can continue to be enjoyed by you and your baby (helping you both stay healthy) for for as long as you both wish.

Breastfeeding can help to protect your baby from diarrhoea, vomiting, constipation, allergies, eczema, chest, ear and urinary infections, cancers, Sudden Infant Death Syndrome (SIDS) and in later life from being overweight, type 2 diabetes and heart disease.

Breastfeeding also has health benefits for you, such as reducing the risk of breast and ovarian cancers, hip fractures, heart disease and obesity.

Infant Feeding during Covid-19 (Corona Virus) outbreak

If you are breastfeeding:

The evidence suggests that breastfeeding reduces the risk of babies developing infectious diseases. There are numerous live properties in breastmilk that help to destroy harmful germs and boost your baby’s immune system. If you are mixed feeding and wish to exclusively breastfeed, please contact the Health Visiting duty line (details below) for advice and support.

If you are breastfeeding while infected with Covid-19

Follow the advice given by Public Health England. There is no current evidence that the virus is passed through breastmilk.

If you are breastfeeding and offered your Covid-19 vaccine

You can have any of the Covid-19 vaccines if you are breastfeeding There is no current evidence that the virus is passed through breastmilk. For more information please see the website

For any more support or advice, please contact your Health Visiting Duty Line, details can be found in the Getting support section.


If your baby is positioned properly and attached well to the breast, you’ll notice:

  • Your baby feeding contentedly
  • Feeding is pain free
  • The top of your nipple area is more visible than the bottom
  • Your baby’s cheeks are full
  • Your baby’s sucking is initially very quick (as they quench their thirst) then settles into slower, deeper sucks, ending with flutter type sucks
  • Breasts and nipples are comfortable
  • Nipples are the same shape at the end of the feed as at the start.

In the early days and weeks, babies feed around 8–12 times in 24 hours. They also feed for as long as they need to. Feeding times can vary from a few minutes to as long as 40 minutes per feed.

Feeding patterns vary over a 24 hour period. Your baby will usually have a time in the day when they need to feed almost continuously. This is sometimes called cluster feeding and may last up to 2 hours.

Breastfed babies also feed throughout the night. This is essential and normal as they’re growing rapidly and have very small stomachs. It also helps the mother to produce the milk-making hormone prolactin which is higher during the night; producing this hormone helps the mother to fall asleep faster, produce more milk and makes the baby more contented.

Babies usually gain weight following their centile line recorded in the Personal Child Health Record (known as the Red Book).  It’s normal for babies to lose a little weight following the birth, but they should soon regain this within a few days.

Your baby should have around 6 wet nappies in 24 hours and 2 dirty nappies. This may change as breastfeeding becomes established after 4–6 weeks.

To help position your baby properly:

  • Watch out for your baby’s feeding cues: rooting, searching, licking their lips, head bobbing and gaping: crying is a late sign for the need to feed
  • Enjoy cuddling your baby, having your baby close to you and using skin to skin contact between you both as much as possible as this will help to stimulate your milk production
  • Keep your baby calm by talking to or stroking them, and remain calm yourself
  • Expressing a few drops of milk from your breast by hand can help to tempt your baby to feed.

The CHIN method is an easy way to remember the key points of getting your baby positioned and attached well, whether you’re lying, sitting or standing. Ensure you are comfortable and relaxed then:

C – Close

Keep your baby close to you so they can get enough breast into their mouth.

H – Head free

When your baby wants to attach to the breast, they will tilt their head back allowing them to lead with their chin as they come onto the breast. 

I – In line

Your baby should be in alignment with you and their neck aligned with their back so they don’t have to twist their neck and body to reach the breast, which makes swallowing more difficult.

N – Nose to nipple

With your nipple just below your baby’s nose, your baby will start to root. When their mouth is nice and wide, help them quickly onto the nipple to ensure a good latch and pain-free feeding.

The NHS website has a great video which shows a good latch as well as lots of great information.


You can find more helpful articles on breastfeeding on our blog pages.

You can find additional support with breastfeeding on our blog pages

Get support as early as possible to get breastfeeding off to a good start. Talk to your Health Visitor or ask them about your local breastfeeding clinics.

You can also call your health visiting duty line from 9am-4.30pm on the number for your area below:

 0300 365 6000 or email
Wokingham: 0300 365 7000 or email:
Reading: 0118 931 2111 or email
West Berkshire: 0300 303 3944 or email:

Berkshire Healthcare do not provide Health Visiting services in Slough or Windsor and Maidenhead. Local contact details for services provided in these areas are:


01753 373464 / 0800 7723578 /

Windsor and Maidenhead: 

Health visitor 0330 365 6523
School nurses 01628 682979
MASH 01628 683150 

These helplines may also be useful:

  • Association of Breastfeeding Mothers Helpline: 0300 330 5453
  • National Breastfeeding Helpline: 0300 100 0212

If you're thinking of returning to work while you're still breastfeeding - it doesn't mean you need to stop.

Employers have certain legal obligations to breastfeeding mothers. Before you return to work, give your employer written notification that you're breastfeeding, as they will need to conduct a risk assessment. Workplace regulations require employers to provide suitable facilities where pregnant and breastfeeding mothers can rest. It's also good practice for employers to provide a private, healthy and safe environment for breastfeeding mothers to express and store milk. The toilets are not a suitable place to express breast milk.

You'll find lots of information on this on the Start4Life website, including advice on how to stop breastfeeding when you feel ready to. The NHS website also covers how to deal with going back to work and continuing to breastfeeding.


Helpful resources

Off to the best start

Breastfeeding information
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From Bump to Breastfeeding information and videos

Best Beginnings
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Breastfeeding tips for parents

Institute of Health Visiting
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The benefits of breastfeeding

NHS Choices
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The first few days of breastfeeding

NHS Choices
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Common Childhood illnesses and wellbeing

Useful advice on breastfeeding
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Breastfeeding support

Unicef information and support
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Breastfeeding videos

Great videos from Best Beginnings to help with breastfeeding
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Tips for partners to support with breastfeeding

NCT information
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Start 4 Life

Breastfeeding information
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