For a child to be able to write and form letters properly in the future, they first of all need to learn how to copy and form simple shapes.
Pre-writing skills don’t have to be developed by sitting at a table and doing writing tasks.
Movement is a great way to teach children about shape, direction and other things they need to understand. Try to keep the movements large, and talk to the child about what they’re doing to draw their attention to the movement, for example: a square goes down, across, up, across. Always point out that work should be from 'top to bottom' and 'left to right'.
If you follow the advice on this page but see no improvement in six months, please contact our CYPIT Team.
Activities that help develop shape formation include:
Activities that help develop pencil control:
Start the activities on a large scale, for example using large pieces of paper stuck to the wall rather than A4 sheets. As the child's control and understanding of the shape develop, progress onto smaller pieces of work.
If they can’t hold a crayon or pencil to draw straight, vertical and circular lines by the time they are three and a half years old, speak to your health visitor or GP.